– Adaptation Between the Unexpected Natural Disasters Shadows –
Karo tribesmen are seen busy removing bones from a family funeral yard to be moved. On the other hand, their eyes are very alert to the volcanic activity of Sinabung volcano. In that morning as many as 7 out of 10 graves were successfully moved. The composition of family families who are experiencing some other family members keep watch with the activity of Sinabung volcano.
The Surbakti Karo family clan who cooperate unload graves from their ancestors in the Sinabung volcano precisely in Guru Kinayan village, Payung district, Karo regency, North Sumatra province, Indonesia. Locations that are areas affected by cold lava material and hot clouds from the eruption process of Sinabung volcano. Known to remove the bones from the ancestral tomb of the indigenous people of Karo tribe is a cultural tradition which is called by ‘Tulan-tulan’.
Although this time it is done on the basis of natural disaster, where for the Batak tribe especially Karo grave ancestors are sacred artifacts that function from the lineage or genealogy of the Batak tribe itself. “I just hope that Sinabung volcano is not eroded and the weather is sunny so that the process of relocating our ancestors’ graves can take a short time, it is impossible to stay within the danger zone of the Sinabung volcano eruption, but from morning until noon we have evacuated ten graves already affected by cold lava floods, otherwise the disaster will remove the artifacts from the family tree, “said R Br Surbakti when the process of moving the tomb is over.
The Sinabung prolonged eruption is not only brings the suffering as the disaster, but also able to remind the meaning of a tradition that has been born from the process of ancestral civilization with a strong foundation as a function in living life. Indirectly the event of the Sinabung natural disaster has opened the people’s insight into the intangible cultural heritage ‘Intangible Culture’ which turned out to have a function to maintain a history, where history is the basis of life in the future. Attempts to realize the ancestors by maintaining the intangible artifacts of the journey from a culture.
Sinabung volcano erupted again in 2010 after which the researchers predicted it would fall asleep 400 years ago. In November 2013 more than 33,000 villagers have been evacuated since the government mounted alert status for the volcano to the highest level. Could the Karo ancestral civilization be no more than four generations or 400 years old? If a tomb is found more than 400 years old, is there really a human witness to the eruption of the past? Known, not found history as a testimony of the Sinabung volcano eruption in 400 years ago before falling asleep. So as to be a history sheet to face the future against events that can not be predicted specifically.
On the other side, if the people of Karo tribe have been known to have script and language as a transmitter of history, why not unearthed information about the eruption of Sinabung. If grouped into a logical fact, it can be concluded that mass death, exodus total, or a history has been kept secret in a tradition so that the message of disaster from the eruption of Sinabung volcano in the past is not recorded as history, as the result of geological research which states that Sinabung has fallen asleep 400 years later recorded, and back to eruption in 2010. Based on Indonesian disaster data, Sinabung volcano eruption history has killed 27 people in the red zone.