The Leo History

(A Survive Baby Sumatran Orangutan Due Conflicts)

 Starting from a collaboration investigation between me, Sutanta Aditya as photojournalist together with the head of Non-Governmental Organization (NGO), The Sustainable Forest Advocacy (LEMBAHTARI), Sayed Zainal. As the data, through the google earth imagery observations, as well as direct observations in the special zone we have found the visual fact of the forest conversion functions to be a illegal palm oil plantations at the coordinates of Latitude N3°59.234′ and Longitude E98°1.627′ which known as the Gunung Leuser National Park (TNGL) area.

The daily life of a orphaned baby Sumatran orang-utan were seen inside the resident home as a pet.

 The fact of deforestation is a fact that factors in the continuity of conflict between humans and wildlife, namely the Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii), one of which is the history of an orphaned Sumatran orangutan baby nicknamed Leo. Leo was initially raised by hunters who intended to sell him into the hands of buyers, but was eventually handed over to the authorities with a persuasive system, in some area in Aceh Tamiang, Aceh province, Indonesia on 08 April 2016.

 Leo is handed over indirectly to the main individual to the community who becomes the liaison as a representative. In the visual testimony, Leo was seen in cardboard packaging before being cared for by a second party while waiting for help from the authorities. It is suspected that the orphaned baby orangutan never found a buyer from the hunters who intended to sell it. While waiting, the baby Sumatran orangutan finally experienced psychological and physical health problems which were in a critical stage or were malnourished.

Veterinarians carry out in-depth investigated medical check up to the an orphaned baby orang-utan in the quarantine of the Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Program (SOCP).

 Having received this assurance, the Director of the Orangutan Information Center (OIC), Panut Hadisiswoyo, finally decided to evacuate the orangutan and provide initial medical assistance by the OIC team of veterinarians. Until it was handed over to quarantine from coordination with the Natural Resources Conservation Center of North Sumatra province, Indonesia.

 The prevalence process, conflict between humans and wild animals is still recognized as the cause of wild elephants, rhinos, tigers, and especially the Sumatran Orangutan which is an animal with a critically endangered population status around the Gunung Leuser National Park (TNGL) area as part of Indonesia which is the ‘lungs of the world’ besides the Amazon Forest.

A veterinarian carries a orphaned baby Sumatran orang-utan, that Leo to go to the reintroduction process after two years undergoing on rehabilitation period by the Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Program (SOCP). Leo is in the final stages of rescuing one of the hundreds of baby orangutan’s who are caught in the case of hunting and illegal wildlife trade, as a human and wildlife conflict case.

 This conclusion is based on the accumulation of data research by Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) that focus on problems and achieving solutions to the Sumatran Orangutan case, namely the Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Program (SOCP). It is known, as many as 20-25 Sumatran orangutans are orphaned every year, which stems from 370 cases since the SOCP quarantine was established in 2002. Assumingly, more than 40 orangutan babies received by SOCP for tendentious quarantine have been declared dead per year, explained Ian continued.

 “Accumulatively, it can be assumed that the majority of Sumatran orangutan babies have been abandoned by their mothers who were killed as a result of conflicts between wildlife and humans. For example, plantation workers who consider Sumatran orangutans to be pests that steal agricultural products. Then how about the whereabouts of the male from the endangered animal family when the conflict occurs?” said Ian.

 That environmental activist also assumes, one of the orphan baby Sumatran orangutan cases is also concluded male and the female inside a orangutan family were possibly killed. “In total, it is concluded that as many as 60 Sumatran orangutans disappear from wild habitats per year, which stems from the several Sumatran orangutan orphaned cases received by the SOCP quarantine,” said Ian Singleton.

 In total, there are 370 orphaned orangutan’s cases who are currently undergoing a rehabilitation program before being able to be released back into the wild. One of them is a 6 years old male Sumatran Orangutan who was given the semiotic name as Leo.

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